The Six Articles of Faith, also known as the Pillars of Iman, are the fundamental beliefs of Islam. They are the core beliefs that all Muslims must adhere to in order to be considered practicing Muslims. The Six Articles of Faith are: belief in the oneness of God, belief in the prophets of God, belief in the angels of God, belief in the books of God, belief in the day of judgment, and belief in predestination.
Belief in the Oneness of God:
The first article of faith is belief in the oneness of God, known as tawhid. This belief is the cornerstone of Islam and it is the belief that there is only one God, Allah, and that He is the only one worthy of worship. Muslims believe that Allah is the creator and sustainer of the universe, and that He is all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-merciful.
Belief in the Prophets of God:
The second article of faith is belief in the prophets of God. Muslims believe that God has sent many prophets throughout history to guide humanity. These prophets include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last and final prophet, and that his teachings are the most complete and perfect guide for humanity.
Belief in the Angels of God:
The third article of faith is belief in the angels of God. Muslims believe that God has created many angels to do His will. These angels are unseen and do not have free will. They are messengers of God and are responsible for carrying out His commands.
Belief in the Books of God:
The fourth article of faith is belief in the books of God. Muslims believe that God has revealed many books to humanity, including the Torah, the Psalms, and the Gospel. Muslims also believe that the Quran is the final and most perfect book, and that it is the word of God revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
Belief in the Day of Judgment:
The fifth article of faith is belief in the day of judgment. Muslims believe that on the Day of Judgment, all of humanity will be judged for their actions in this life. They believe that on this day, the righteous will be rewarded and the wicked will be punished.
Belief in Predestination:
The sixth article of faith is belief in predestination. Muslims believe that all things are predetermined by God, and that nothing can happen without His will. They also believe that while they have free will, their choices are limited by the will of God.
In conclusion, the Six Articles of Faith are the core beliefs of Islam and are the foundation upon which the religion is built. All Muslims must adhere to these beliefs in order to be considered practicing Muslims.